This is a repost of a piece I wrote on my old blog, Topography of Ignorance, back in 2007. It’s a list I compiled of the types of things you could get named after you that come in the form [Name][Type of thing], as in the word “Law” from “Moore’s Law.” There are the obvious ones like “equation” but the unusual terms are more interesting because there might be only a single example. The title is itself an adaptation of an obscure word, eponym, which I loosely interpreted to mean “anything named after someone.” I don’t think it’s a real word, and using it probably confused readers (it also could have confused them that it’s basically just a massive list with very little prose). To preserve the classic 2007 “feel” of the original post, I’m keeping the poorlychosen title and format. Plus, lists are now back in a big way! (What with your Buzzfeeds et al.) So it seemed like an appropriate time to bring it back. Will animate with Jennifer Lawrence GIFs as soon as I’m able…
~~~~~
A physicist wanting to make an impact on the field most often imagines his or her name attached to an Equation, or a Theory. Or even, if they really want to move mountains, a Law. I have no idea what mathematicians think about, but I would assume that they are hoping to come up with Theorems and Conjectures. Of course, not everyone is an Einstein or a Kepler, able to remake a subject and declare a Law. But if you carve out a niche for yourself, or invent a novel way of dealing with a certain topic, you’re virtually assured of getting something. For an elegant discovery, you could have an Angle named after you, or a Number. Or in a more bizarre direction, a Sea or Paradox. de Sitter has an entire Universe! Me? If I could become the first person since Isaac Newton with an eponymous Bucket I would consider myself a success. There are so many strange things you could find named in your honor that I have compiled an extensive list of them with some examples namesakes on the righthand side.
First, some of the most common:
Equation  
Formula 

Law 

Theorem 

Theory 

Hypothesis 

[A Unit]  Newton, Gauss, Joule 
[A Constant]  Planck, Boltzmann 
Function  RiemannZeta, Bessel 
Effect  Mössbauer, Stark, Bohr, GunnPeterson, etc. 
And then of course, there are rarer terms. These trend very roughly from less to more obscure.
Field  Fermionic, Bosonic, Higgs 
Matrix  Kobayashi, Cabibbo 
Relation  Heisenberg, TullyFisher 
Principle  Copernican, Pauli Exclusion 
Model  Schwinger, Bohr 
Method  Schrödinger 
Postulate  Planck, Weyl 
Approximation  Born 
Space 
Minkowski, Fock, Hilbert 
Metric  FriedmannRobertsonWalker, Minkowski 
Distribution  Wigner, BoseEinstein, FermiDirac 
___on  Fermi, Bose 
___ian  Laplace, Hamilton, Riemann 
Notation  Dirac 
Potential  Coulomb, Yukawa 
Action  Stueckelberg, Proca 
Inequality  Minkowski, Bell 
Limit  Chandrasekhar 
Tensor  Riemann 
Scalar  Ricci 
Gauge  Newtonian 
Diagram  Feynman 
Radiation  Cherenkov, Hawking 
Cycle  Carnot, Born 
Interpretation  Bohm, Copenhagen 
Paradox  EinsteinPodolskiRosen, Olber, Fermi 
Problem  Rabi, Fermi 
Experiment  Milikan Oil Drop 
Spectrum  Mössbauer 
Conjecture  Witten 
Interaction  Yakawa 
Amplitude  Feynman 
Operator  d’Alembert 
Particle  Higgs, Planck 
Neutrino  Majorana, Dirac 
Motion  Brownian 
Length  Jeans 
Number  Avogadro, Chandrasekhar, Euler 
Surface  Fermi 
Condensate  BoseEinstein 
Radius  Schwartzschild, Bohr 
Convention  Einstein Summation 
Transform  Forier, Laplace 
Series  Balmer, Lyman 
Line  Lyman, Balmer 
Rules  Slater 
Scattering  Compton, Rayleigh, Thompson 
Variable  Cepheid, RR Lyrae 
Diffusion  Bohm 
Diffraction 
Bragg 
Junction  Josephson 
Expansion  Taylor 
Manifold  Riemann 
Topology  Picard 
Mechanism  Higgs 
Peak  Wein 
Test  Tolman surface brightness 
Repulsion  Coulomb 
Epoch  Planck 
Parameter  Hubble 
[An Element] 
Einstein, Fermi, Curie, Mendeleev, Lawrence, Nobel 
Time/Mass/Energy/Temperature /Density/Power/Current/Length 
Planck 
Energy/Level/Hole/Velocity /Temperature 
Fermi 
Wavelength  de Broglie 
Boson  Higgs 
Profile  Hernquist 
Criterion  Landau 
Rigidity  Born 
Crosssection  Thompson 
Zone  Brillouin, (also see, List of Zones) 
State  HartleHawking 
Angle  Weinberg 
Universe  de Sitter, Lemaître 
Sea  Dirac, Fermi 
Magneton 
Bohr 
Splitting  Zeeman 
Forest  Lymanalpha 
Blob  Lymanalpha 
Swindle  Jeans 
Trough  GunnPeterson 
Window  Gamow 
Cage  Faraday 
Engine  Carnot 
Bucket  Newton 
Tuning Fork 
Hubble 
Golden Rule  Fermi 
Pancake  Zel’dovich 
Brain  Boltzmann 
Demon  Maxwell 
Cat 
Schrödinger 
If anyone else is able to repeat that last one, I will be highly impressed. I would also like to point out that the Higgs boson may be the only phenomenon or concept that has two namesakes, since the term boson originally comes from Satyendra Bose! If you can think of anything else let me know and I’ll add it.
Update:
Pairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cooper
Focus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cassegrain, Nasmyth